Southeastern Five-lined Skink
Description: Like other members of the same genus, this skink is a medium sized lizard, with smooth shiny scales, and is variable in appearance depending on age and gender. Adults are typically light to dark brown in coloration with five pale faint stripes extending down their body. The average adult length its between 5-8.5 inches (12-21cm) and adult males are generally larger. Adult females tend to retain more visible stripes as they age. Juveniles are black in coloration with contrasting white or yellow stripes and have a vibrant blue tail. This skink is the only member of its genus to have rows equal sized scales on the underside of the tail.
Natural History: The Southeastern Five-lined Skink can be found in a variety of woodland habitats, but shows a preference for drier habitats than the Common Five-lined Skink and the Broad-Headed Skink. This includes Sandhills, pine forest, and maritime forest. They can be observed foraging on the ground or climbing on trees and stumps. They eat a variety of invertebrates and are commonly consumed by snakes. When restrained this lizard will readily drop its tail to break free, distract a predator and evade capture.
Similar Species: The Common Five-lined Skink (Plestiodon inexpectatus) and the Broad-headed Skink (Plestiodon laticeps) can be very similar in appearance. Habitat is helpful, but you will need to have the lizard in hand to confidently distinguish these species. The Southeastern Five-lined Skink is the only one of the three species with equal sized scales on the underside of the tail. The Common Five-lined Skink and the Broad-Headed Skink have an enlarged row of scales going down the middle of the underside of the tail.
Distribution: As its name suggests, this Skink is found throughout the Southeastern United States. It is found as far south as the Florida Keys, and up to northern Virginia. West to eastern Louisiana and up to Tennessee and southern Kentucky.
Contributed by Jake Zadik (12/04/2019)
Click here to view South Carolina county records of this species on Herpmapper.org